Enterprising Regions Group 6, Impacts of Telecom Development on Local Entrepreneurship in Africa: Blog 5

Enterprising Regions Group 6, Impacts of Telecom Development on Local Entrepreneurship in Africa: Blog 5

Hi readers, welcome to our last blog about the impacts of telecom development on local entrepreneurship in Africa.

This week we have been working hard on our final assignment and presentation and have found some interesting conclusions. We will present them here:

Mobile phones are providing essential and beneficial services for entrepreneurs in Africa. They help entrepreneurs to save money on travel and services like M-PESA make it easier to transfer money between people. M-PESA increased income of entrepreneurs by op to 30 percent, and improved their cash flow which enables new investments and growth, this is the result of money being sent more frequently (Vodafone, 2005).  Lack of cash flow is an often heard complaint from entrepreneurs (Luiz, 2010). Mobile services improve the speed of money transactions since there is no longer any need to visit a bank which is often not available in rural areas. Mobile phones also lower the costs for entrepreneurs which helps entrepreneurs to make more profit from their ventures. Furthermore, the reduced traveling costs have a high impact on entrepreneurs (Vodafone, 2005). Mobile coverage in Africa is still not 100 percent, but it is going through a staggering growth, which everyday enables new entrepreneurs to use mobile services. It’s safe to say mobile services have positive impact on the entrepreneurial population in Africa.

We really enjoyed working on this project and course and are looking forward to the last course of this minor.

I hope you’ve enjoyed our presentation.

Guido, Martijn & Mike (Group 6)

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Joep van Gelder, Ine van der Spek, Luuk Staudt, week 50, Enterprising Regions: ASEAN

Joep van Gelder, Ine van der Spek, Luuk Staudt, week 50, Enterprising Regions: ASEAN

Dear readers,

This week, we have discussed the structure of our final report. Mister Firmansyah David already announced that we did some good work for our previous assignment. The structure of our paper will be a well known one. We will start with an introduction, followed by theoretical concepts. Thereafter, we will discuss the methodology and our interview data. Then, this data will be analyzed and discussed. We will all separately write a conclusion. We doubt whether we should implement all three conclusions in the final report, as was visible in the example paper. One conclusion might be clearer than three. We will work on the several elements this weekend.

In the data, we found three key elements. The Indonesian government plays an important role when it comes to stimulating entrepreneurs and making them ready for the moment AFTA is in effect. This agreement is likely to increase the amount of competition for local entrepreneurs. Lastly, and this is also a role for the government, there should be more Indonesian entrepreneurs. To date, there are many entrepreneurs in the informal sector. They do not pay taxes and they have poor financial settlement.

We interviewed three Indonesian entrepreneurs in different sectors. Their views on the AFTA agreement were mixed. On the one hand, there was an entrepreneur who was very negative about potential competition with new entrepreneurs. On the other hand, two entrepreneurs stated that they don’t have a choice. One of them did not fear the upcoming competition. This distinction of opinions makes our research even more interesting and we are looking forward to working on the paper, as well as presenting our final results. We see you all next week.

Joep van Gelder

Ine van der Spek

Luuk Staudt

Entrepreneurship and Regions – Blog 4 – Week 50

Entrepreneurship and Regions – Blog 4 – Week 50

Hi readers, welcome to our fourth blog about the impacts of telecom development on local entrepreneurship in Africa.

This week has been a busy week for us. Next to several assignments and an exam, we have been busy with working on our research as well. It again proved to be difficult to contact people who we could interview in order to get information, which was quite a big disappointment. Last Tuesday, we also had our last group consultation with Marja Spierenburg. We are now focusing on completing our final paper, which will take some time. We will be searching for more papers to complete our theoretical framework to extend our previously y conducted data, which needs to be extended since it’s mostly based on secondary information which needs to be verified. We have quite some work left but hope to come up with some interesting results which may clarify how entrepreneurship in Africa works and which influence mobile telecommunications has on entrepreneurship. Furthermore we are going to show the services which are the most popular among African entrepreneurs. We hope you like our presentation Thursday!

I hope you’ve enjoyed reading our blog and hopefully you will read our next week’s blog as well! J

Guido, Martijn & Mike (Group 6)

Enterprising Regions Joep, Luuk and Ine blog 3 week 49

Enterprising Regions Joep, Luuk and Ine blog 3 week 49

Hello everyone, This blog is to give you another update about the research we work on for enterprising regions. Last week we did three interviews with entrepreneurs from Indonesia, two men and one woman. They were all very kind and willing to share there experience. The language barrier and the fact that internet fell of some times made the interviews a little bit harder then normal. However we did manage to get the answers we would like to have. This week was all about transcribing the interviews and writing our individual analyses. We all took one interview and worked it out. At first the plan was to have four interviews, however, it is very hard to find people in Indonesia that are entrepreneurs, are willing to help us and have the time to help us. So, in the end I think we can be very happy that we have managed to arrange three interviews. For me personally I really liked this part of the assignment, having an insight in an other culture and talking to entrepreneurs on the other side of the world is something I normally never do. I was a little bit nervous at the start of the interviews but they were very kind and very helpful. In the rest of this week we had some brainstorm sessions. We thought about how we can implement all the elements into a our full paper. Also we already discussed something about the presentations,  for example what we are going to implement in the powerpoint. Next week we will work further on this subject, for now we wish everybody a lovely weekend. Joep, Luuk and Ine

Enterprising Regions Group 6, Week 49, Impacts of Telecom Development on Local Entrepreneurship in Africa

Enterprising Regions Group 6, Week 49, Impacts of Telecom Development on Local Entrepreneurship in Africa

Hi readers, welcome to our third blog about the impacts of telecom development on local entrepreneurship in Africa.

This week, we have changed our research question a bit. Our previous questions were very much related to mobile banking and how this influences entrepreneurship in Africa. However, after gaining more knowledge and resources about this topic, we came to the conclusion that mobile telecommunication has much more interesting influences in Africa. Mobile banking is just one of them, which is why we decided to make this just a sub-question in our research.

Research by Vodafone describes the remarkable story of developing mobile telecommunications in Africa. There have been large infrastructure investments, which have enabled millions of people to communicate better. While there is a lot of focus on low absolute rates of mobile penetration, this underestimates the real impact that mobile phones have through the innovative and entrepreneurial ways in which the technology has been extended beyond the model of individual ownership. Thousands of jobs have been created and some very successful companies have emerged out of these mobile telecommunications.

One example presented in South Africa; a manufacturer of children’s dolls based in Cape Town employed deaf people. Text messaging via mobile phones enabled the owner and employees to communicate with each other. The owner felt that without the technology, it would be much more difficult to interact with his workers and it would not have been practical to employ them at all.

After reading all of these relevant researches, we are going to investigate the impact of mobile telecommunications and its benefits for local people and entrepreneurs. In short, we have widened our scope by looking at all the advantages that mobile telecommunications create.

We have also noticed that is pretty hard to organize interviews with people in Africa, since it’s very hard to reach them. Unfortunately, Dutch companies who are active in Africa do not have the time and resources to help us.

I hope you’ve enjoyed reading our blog and hopefully you will read our next week’s blog as well! 🙂

Guido, Martijn & Mike (Group 6)

Enterprising Regions Group 6, Week 48, Impacts of Telecom Development on Local Entrepreneurship in Africa

Enterprising Regions Group 6, Week 48, Impacts of Telecom Development on Local Entrepreneurship in Africa

Hi readers, welcome to our second blog about the impacts of telecom development on local entrepreneurship in Africa.

As mentioned last week, our research is about the Impacts of Telecom Development on Local Entrepreneurship in Africa. Last week we started our research by thinking of the main question and by formulating the problem statement. During our meeting with Marja, we realized that we needed sub-questions in our research in order to make everything accessible and to combine different information sources that we can use, so that useful information will not get lost.

Yesterday, we finished our sub-questions, which will bring us closer towards our final conclusion. These sub-questions mostly consist of questions about whether mobile banking is important or not and how financial organizations handle this sort of communication.

We also sorted out what we were going to do the next few weeks, set some deadlines and we discussed what information sources we are going to use in order to finish this assignment successfully. We will try to interview different people and we will try to use our stated sub-questions to get to know more about their view on the subject. Besides that, we will try to look up all kinds of other sources of information, like for instance statistics and figures about the subject. Next Wednesday is our next deadline and we hope that by then, we have enough information to make a big start. We will report on our progress again in next week’s blog.

I hope you’ve enjoyed reading our blog and hopefully you will read our next week’s blog as well! 🙂

Guido, Martijn & Mike (Group 6)

Group 8, Enterprising regions Luuk Joep & Ine week 47

Group 8, Enterprising regions Luuk Joep & Ine week 47

Hello everyone,

With this blog we (Luuk, Joep & Ine) would like to introduce you to our new project. The project is linked to the minor course Enterprising Regions and the name of our project is ASEAN Free Trade Agreement. In this blog you can read the progress of our project and stay updated.

We started our project with a brainstorm session. It was important to find a good theme. Some options that came to our mind were tourism, business failure, entrepreneurial platform and a few other options. After deliberation with our tutor we chose a research question and during this project we will try to find an answer on this question: What is the effect of the ASEAN Free Trade Agreement on local entrepreneurs in Indonesia.

This week we all found two articles related to the subject to help us with the theoretical framework and to start creating an hypothesis. We all made an individual summary of those articles. To find out wether or not our hypothesis will be right, we will invite several Indonesian entrepreneurs for an Interview. Meeting them in real life would of course be very special and maybe even the best way to interview a person, but due to the time and distance obstacles, we decided that an Skype interview would be suitable too.

At this moment we are waiting for the entrepreneurs to respond so we can make an appointment. Up to now we experience this project as very instructive. It is a subject which we were all not very familiar with, but it turns out to be very interested. And we are very happy with the help and connections of our tutor.

Stay tuned for new updates, group 8 wishes you all a nice weekend,

Luuk, Joep & Ine